Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the latest research and development in the field of fiber optic communication systems, along with their technological trend towards the upcoming generation. Fiber optic communication system is a highly recommended medium for transmission of data over longer distances which ranges from gigabytes to terabytes. Wide-bandwidth signal transmission with minimal latency is a major requirement in present applications and that can be achieved by the usage of fiber optics communication system which results in higher bit rates and negligible latency. Transmission of information over fiber optics can be achieved by using a light wave technology, which converts electrical signals into light waves. Further, fiber optics has some incredible features such as wide bandwidth, narrower diameter, compact size, low attenuation and high degree of reliability with longer distance signal transmission.
Keywords: Bandwidth, Fiber Optics, Attenuation, Latency, Refractive Index, Transmission and Telecommunication networks.